Lankaran-Edge of Mandarin Aroma
Tour Duration 4 nights 5 days
Meeting at the airport.
Transfer to Lankaran
Accommodation in 4* hotel
Overnight in Lankaran
09:00 Breakfast at the hotel.
Excursion. "Fire Lenkoran".
Lankaran is an amazingly beautiful city-port on the shore of the Caspian Sea, practically on the border with Iran. One of the most ancient cities of Azerbaijan. The time of its foundation, however, is unknown. It is only certain that it was part of the Caucasian Albania, and in the 18th century it was the center of the Talish Khanate. During the Russian-Persian war, Lankaran was destroyed by the Persians, who built a fortress here. In 1813 Russian troops stormed Lankaran, after which the city became part of the Russian Empire. The city itself is interesting by the Lankaran fortress (XVIII century) and the Kichik-Bazar mosque (XIX century). In 100 km. north of Lenkoran lies one of the most beautiful cities of the Middle Ages - Hanega, in which fortified walls (XII-XIV centuries), the mosque and burial vault of Pir Hussein, the minaret and other ancient structures were preserved.
Lenkoran fortress. The Lenkoran fortress (tower) was built in the 18th century. It was one of the main fortresses of the city in the Talish Khanate. In those days, according to eyewitnesses, the fortress did indeed strike a striking impression with its high stone walls, crowned with a series of battlements, because of which the menacing canals of guns looked everywhere. In addition, the fortress was surrounded by deep moats, which, if necessary, were filled with water. Traditionally, battles were fought from two tower fortifications - the northern and southern ones - located quite far apart.
In 1812, as a result of a bloody battle and heavy losses on both sides, the fortress was taken by Russian troops. After the capture of the Lenkoran fortress, the Gulustan peace treaty was concluded between the parties.
Previously, the fortress consisted of two bazaars: Big and Small. In the territory of each of the bazaars mosques were built in the beginning of the 20th century. These two mosques have turned into the main religious buildings of the city. They can be seen today.
The mosque and mausoleum of Pir-Hussein. The religious-cult complex of Hanega included a mosque and the shrine of Pir-Hussein that joined it with a minaret, built in 1256. The mosque is made up of well-hewn stone slabs, covered with a spherical dome. Of particular artistic value is the mihrab, bordered with exquisite carving on gyazhe, kufic inscriptions and ornamentation, made with multi-colored tiles.
The minaret of the mosque is a slender octagonal trunk, at the very top of which there is a playground for muezzin.
Through a small dark passage the mosque communicates with the shrine of Pir-Hussein, lit by a window in one of the walls. The walls of the tomb, the tombstone in its center and the archway of the passage were once covered with magnificent ceramic lining containing images of eight-ray stars. The main decoration of the shrine of Pir-Hussein of special value is a tile frieze 11 meters long. The gilt-covered tiles of the frieze are painted in dark blue and greenish-turquoise tones. These tiles are considered the best in the whole Middle East.
This place has long been considered a shrine that preserved the power of a holy elder (Pir-Hussein). The authority of this holy place spread far beyond the boundaries of Shirvan.
The house of Miramhad Khan. Right in the center of the city is the Miramhad Khan House - one of the most beautiful architectural monuments of Lankaran. The palace was built in 1913. When building a house with skill, elements of national architecture were used, and, despite the fact that it was built by French architects. This three-story palace is considered to be the first multi-storey building that appeared in the city. The north and west facades of the house were built of brick and white stone, and the eastern and southern ones are only made of red brick. The top of the entrance is decorated with figures of mythical animals.
Overnight in Lenkoran
09:00 Breakfast at the hotel.
Excursion. "Astara-Edge of Tea and Mandarins".
Astara is one of the ancient cities of the country. Through her lands passed in the old days the famous Silk Road. The city had trade links with India, China, Europe, Central Asia and Anatolia. During the archaeological excavations on the coast of the Astara River, caravan-sarai ruins dating from the 7th century were discovered. The ancient city was famous for silk production and its masters. The best view of the famous silk was for sale in Istanbul, Venice, Damascus, the city of the Hanseatic Union, where it was very popular among their inhabitants. Local craftsmen used silk threads to make velvet fabrics. Astara was also famous for its various crafts, in particular pottery and the production of faience.
Near the city in the village of Mashgan in the 13-14 centuries, a mint was discovered, where coins with the name Astara were issued. During the reign of Emir Teymur, the coins of the city were those that had the inscription "Astara under attack".
Until 1747, the city was the capital of the Talysh region and was it until the ruler Karakhan transferred the capital to Lankaran. After the territorial and administrative transformation, the fortresses and ancient structures were destroyed. According to historical documents and evidences of contemporaries, the lands of Astara were so fertile that one grape branch gave a large harvest basket.
The city has great potential in the tourism industry. In the middle of 2000 a new modern four-star hotel was built here. On the shore of the Caspian Sea there are excellent places for beach holidays. Several interesting routes have been prepared for acquaintance of tourists with historical and natural sights. Further our trip we will continue to the Girkan Reserve. Hyrkan Reserve is one of the few places where the European Leopard has found its shelter. These wild, cat-sized cats are much larger than their African counterparts. They are very cunning and perceptive, they are very difficult to find and recognize in the dense jungles of Hyrcanus, these are the last representatives of European leopards. Now scientists are trying to learn and determine the exact population of these cats. In 2015, the National Geographic TV channel made a film about Leopards in Azerbaijan. Also, the Hyrkan Reserve plays a connecting role, as a corridor linking Europe and the Near East. Free Time
Transfer to Baku
Overnight in Baku
09:00 Breakfast at the hotel.
Excursion. "Fire worships Temple Ateshgyah + Burning Mountain Yanardagh".
The Temple of Eternal Fire - Ateshgyah - is an authentic Azerbaijani exotic. It is well-known practically all over the world. It is located 30 km from the center of Baku in the suburb of Surakhany. This territory is known for such unique natural phenomenon as burning natural gas outlets (underground gas coming onto surface contacts oxygen and lights up). The temple in its present state was constructed in the 17th-18th centuries. It was built by the Baku-based Hindu community related to Sikhs.
However, the history of the Temple is even longer. From times immemorial this was the holy place of Zoroastrians- fire worshippers (approximately beginning of our era). They attributed mystical significance to the inextinguishable fire and came there to worship the relic.
After the introduction of Islam Zoroastrian temple was destroyed. Many Zoroastrians left to India and there continued their worship. But in the 15th -17th centuries the Hindus-fire worshippers who came to Absheron with trading caravans began to make pilgrimages to Surakhany. The Indian merchants started erection of the temple. The earliest temple part is dated 1713. The latest - the central temple-altar was built with the support of merchant Kanchangar in 1810. During the 18th century chapels, cells, a caravanserai were added to the central part of the temple. On у can find carved inscriptions in Indian lettering there.
In the early 19th century the Temple acquired its present-day appearance. Ateshgah is a pentagonal structure with a castellation and entrance portal. In the center of a yard the altar-sanctuary executed in the form of a stone bower on which angles some more centers are located towers. In the center of an altar - a well from which beat "eternally" burning gas.
Burning Mountain Yanardagh
One of the most famous and popular tourist places of the "eternal flame” in Azerbaijan is the mountain of Yanar Dag. Actually, it is rather a hill than a mountain, with natural gas burning on its slope from ancient times. Meter-long tongues of fire are licking the stratified earth approximately for 10 m in width, searing those who approached too close. People occupy the benches to watch the blazing hill in the evening, when the its sight is most effective.
Yanar Dag is located 25 km to the north from Baku, in Mehemmedi village. There are buses running to it from the city, so you can get there fairly cheap and easy. From the year 2007 Yanar Dag is declared a state-protected conservation area.
Overnight in hotel
09:00 Breakfast at the hotel.
Free time to visit the eastern market, shops with sweets and souvenir shops.
Transfer to the airport
Visa upon arrival at international airports of Azerbaijan can be obtained only by citizens of Turkey, Israel, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Japan, China, South Korea, Malaysia and Singapore. For citizens of Russia and the CIS (except for Turkmenistan), a visa is not required to Azerbaijan. Citizens of other countries must obtain a visa prior to arrival, through the consulates of Azerbaijan in their country or to issue an electronic visa through our travel agency. To apply for a visa, contact our managers at least 4 weeks before arriving in Azerbaijan.
Local currency: Manat
The recommended currency for the exchange is: USD or EURO.
Where to exchange currency: Upon arrival at the airport, the guide will provide accurate information on where and how to exchange cash for local currency.
Availability of ATM: Only in large cities.
Accept credit cards: Only in large cities.
The cost of the tour from 590 USD per person for a stay in Double room includes:
Accommodation in hotel 4 * double room on the program based on breakfast.
Transfers and transportation according to the program.
Excursions on the program.
Services of a Russian-speaking or English-speaking guide.
Entrance tickets to museums.
Lunch - from 15 USD (local alcoholic beverages included)
Dinner - from 20 USD (alcoholic drinks of local manufacture are included)
Supplement for single accommodation: $ 150 per tour
The cost of a visa is 40 USD (if not citizens of the CIS),
Charges for photo - and video shooting in museums
The firm reserves the right to change the order of visiting excursion objects, keeping the program as a whole.
The company reserves the right to change the cost of the tour provided that it is notified in time.
Dear guests, please send inquiries for individual tourists and tourist groups to e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com and contact us at +99412 4985704, +99455 8645748 Whatsapp: +99455 3007612